CogniFit's Science blog: Too Many Traumatic Brain Injuries

Too Many Traumatic Brain Injuries

The brain is an amazing organ which controls virtually every part of our bodies. It also imbues us with the ability to learn, experience and respond to the world around us. However it is also a very sensitive organ which can result in many problems in the case of a traumatic brain injury. Let’s explore this topic further.

Traumatic brain injury usually occurs as a result of a massive blow to the brain. The brain is normally well protected by a bony structure called the skull. It sits inside of the skull and floats in a viscous fluid which cushions and helps to protect the brain further.

But the brain can be affected if it suffers a blow to the skull. Even if the skull is not pierced the blow can cause the brain to hit the inside of the skull. At the point of contact, swelling can occur among other things.

Since the inside of the skull is not expandable, the swelling can create additional pressure and cause further damage to the brain. It is therefore very important to treat the swelling and help to relieve the pressure as much as possible.

Sometimes a person suffers a blow but doesn’t realize how serious the problem really is. If they don’t treat it, the injury can cause the brain to swell and may end up creating a clot which can create many problems including death.

Other types of traumatic brain injury can occur if an object hits the skull and pierces the bony structure. The object can enter the brain directly and create a whole host of problems. The most common cause of this situation can come from a gunshot wound to the skull.

For those suffering from traumatic brain injury, immediate medical attention is vitally important. As indicated earlier, reducing the pressure from swelling is very important. There are drugs which can help as well as a number of other techniques.

The effects of traumatic brain injury can be significant. Damage to the brain can result in loss of motor function or loss of other senses. It can also have detrimental effect on cognitive functions like memory, emotions or learning.

The ability of the brain to overcome some of the major effects of this kind of injury can be enhanced through specialized treatments. In some cases it is possible to teach undamaged areas of the brain to take over functions which were controlled by the damaged sections.

In this way people can sometimes recover some of the functions they lost as a result of the injury.
Recovery is often a long and difficult process. But improvements in treatments help to speed up the effectiveness of this process and bring encouragement and hope to sufferers and their loved ones.