CogniFit's Science blog: Neuroscience & Cognition

Neuroscience & Cognition

Neuroscience & cognition is also referred to as cognitive neuroscience. It is a specialized field of study which focuses on the biological mechanisms which affect cognition. Specifically it focuses on how the brain, neurons and mental processes.

 It seeks to better understand how the biological processes in the brain affect higher level thinking and cognition. We will explore this topic in more detail.

Cognitive neuroscience is a combination of study which involves both psychology and neuroscience. Its theories and practices apply results from cognitive science as well as neuropsychology and computational models.

Since this field of study involves a number of disciplines, the people involved can come from a diverse background. They may have backgrounds in neurobiology, bioengineering, psychiatry, neurology, physics, computer science, linguistics, philosophy, and mathematics to name a few.

There are a number of methods applied in this field of study. However a strong focus is centered on patients who may be undergoing cognitive shortfalls as a result of brain lesions or other physical damage to better understand how changes in brain physiology can impact cognitive function.

The field has experienced a long history. Man has been fascinated with the brain and its impact on how we think and react to the world around us. Many researchers and philosophers have studies and speculated on how the brain allows us to think the way we do. And there have been numerous studies over the years which have documented how physical changes to the brain can affect cognitive thinking and functions.

An important element of field of study also focuses on the impact of injury and disease with respect to cognitive functions. For example Alzheimer’s disease is known to cause physical changes and degradation to neurons such that their ability to communicate information is impacted. Over time this can have significant impacts on memory and other higher level cognitive functions.

By better understanding the physiological changes and mechanisms involved in cognition, we are developing effective preventative treatments or treatments to reverse or slow down degradation of cognitive abilities and associated functions.

This will hopefully bring welcome relief to many patients and their families who may be affected by these changes. It has already lead to the implementation of certain courses of treatment including surgical procedures or drug therapies. Other treatments can utilize other mechanisms such as brain plasticity to overcome deficiencies caused by physical changes. Continued research and study should bring about important improvements in the effectiveness of treatments as we also continue to develop our unique brain training technology.