CogniFit's Science blog: Do You Really Know What Dementia Is?

Do You Really Know What Dementia Is?

Dementia is a medical condition which affects the brain. There are a number of different types of dementia and the impacts may vary depending on the type and how they affect the person involved.

We will discuss this medical problem further and review some of the causes, symptoms and treatments available.

One of the most common problems associated with dementia is memory loss. However changes to critical thinking, language skills judgment and behavior can be involved as well.

In most cases dementia is a chronic and degenerative condition. Its symptoms cannot be reversed. The changes which result tend to be permanent and get worse as time progresses. Dementia can often develop into a more serious form of neurological disorders called Alzheimer’s disease.

Another common form of dementia is called Lewy body disease. It seems to affect older people for the most part and is characterized by protein structures throughout different parts of the brain. It is therefore a physiological disorder of the brain.

A mild stroke can also cause dementia. The brain can become damaged due to a lack of oxygen caused by the stroke. This form of dementia is called vascular dementia. And several other disorders can lead to the development of dementia. This can include Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease or infections of the brain caused by AIDS or Lyme disease.

There are certain forms of dementia which can be corrected if found in the early stages. These kinds of dementia may be caused by tumors in the brain, blood sugar changes chronic alcohol abuse or even certain medications. It is therefore vitally important to seek immediate medical assistance if you or someone you know may be suffering from the typical symptoms of this disease.

The most common symptom of dementia is forgetfulness. As the disease progresses, this can lead to cognitive impairment. It can cause the person to lose memory, experience impaired judgment or even perform tasks which were previously easy for them to do such as mathematical functions.

Keep in mind that for most forms of dementia, there is no known cure. However a number of therapies including drugs and mental exercises can help to slow the progression of the disease and help the sufferers to maintain an acceptable quality of life. There is a great deal of research associated with finding more effective treatments to help to slow the progression of this disease, avoid its occurrence and ultimately find a cure.