CogniFit's Science blog: Traumatic Brain Injury: Symptoms And Treatment

Traumatic Brain Injury: Symptoms And Treatment

There are many ways that the brain can be injured and severe injuries to the brain can cause lifelong symptoms.

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be broken down and classified into several different categories depending on just how sever the injury is.

Most injuries happen as a result of blunt trauma to the head or an object piercing the brain, all of which cause internal bleeding inside the brain which can also increase the pressure inside the skull which can do even more damage.

Less severe cases of brain injury can cause the patient to have headaches, dizziness, and loss of consciousness. These types of brain injuries can be totally recoverable as long as they don’t reoccur too often resulting in lesions and other brain scaring that can have long term health effects.

Head trauma can also lead to violent mood swings, confusion, loss of vision, and loss of sleep. More severe injuries can cause numbness in certain body parts, stomach sickness, loss of motor control skills and coordination, seizures, comas, and even death.

Those who have suffered a severe traumatic brain injury must receive immediate emergency medical attention. The medical staff must assess the level of brain injury to determine what kind of medical actions might need to be performed. They will look into what parts of the brain have been injured, whether or not there is internal bleeding, and the medical history and make up of the patient as well.

Someone who has suffered some type of traumatic brain injury in the past may have short term or long term effects. They range anywhere from loss of senses such as sight, hearing, taste, feel, and smell to chronic headaches, severe nausea, depression, anxiety and complete different personality.

The most severe brain injuries can lead to a complete loss of consciousness and coma, which could paralyze the patient or leave them completely brain dead, unable to communicate and in a vegetative state.

Depending on the severity of the situation, there are methods of recovery to help the patient regain some of their brain functions back. Certain brain training and memorization exercise can work to reverse some memory loss and even expand certain brain powers.

The brain is truly a marvelous wonder and shouldn’t ever be put at risk to suffer a traumatic brain injury. Always consult a professional physician for brain trauma, even if you think the injury was minor.