CogniFit's Science blog: Main Causes, Symptoms And Treatments Of Brain Injury

Main Causes, Symptoms And Treatments Of Brain Injury

Our brains are truly amazing. They do a vast array of activities every day and their complexity is without measure. However they are very sensitive organs and unfortunately can be susceptible to injury with sometimes devastating results. Let’s discuss some causes, symptoms and treatments for brain injury.

Our brains can be become damaged for a number of reasons. The most common stems from impact. This can occur from a car accident or fall. Our brains are protected by a bony enclosure called the skull. The brain then resides inside of this enclosure and is surrounded by a viscous fluid which helps to protect it from bumping around inside of the skull.

However if the skull receives a large enough impact, it can cause the skull to break and possibly even lead to the brain being pierced by an outside object. Even if this is not so, the brain itself my absorb the impact and cause it to move suddenly inside of the skull.

This can cause the brain to swell in response to the impact. Since the skull is fixed in size, the swelling of the brain causes greater pressure to be exerted on the brain. If the swelling isn’t reduced or the pressure reduced, it can cause significant damage to brain tissue.

This is why it is so important to seek medical attention if a person has been struck in the head even if there does not appear to be any problems initially. The swelling can take a little while to manifest itself and then the problem is well along.

In any case medical professionals use different kinds of treatments to reduce the swelling and relieve the pressure in these kinds of situations. Other types of injury can stem from diseases like Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s. These diseases affect the brains directly and cause the cells to die or become impaired.

The result can be deteriorated mental functions like memory and other cognitive features. Sufferers may be unable to remember where they were going and eventually may not even remember who they are.

There are a number of drug therapies which have been developed to slow the progression of these types of diseases and researchers hope to come up with treatments which can result in much greater improvements.

And therapies have been developed to help train different areas of the brain to take over functions which were controlled by areas which became damaged. There have been some promising results and more therapies are sure to become in place to provide hope for those affected by brain injury.