CogniFit's Science blog: Neurons Are One Of The Building Blocks Of The Nervous System

Neurons Are One Of The Building Blocks Of The Nervous System

Did you know that you have over 100 billion neurons in your brain? These neurons are the building blocks of the nervous system and are crucial to processing information in the brain as well as receiving and transmitting information.

Neurons are the key to the communication of information throughout your body. The easiest way to think about neurons is to compare them to Ethernet cables running through your body.

These cables transmit information at lightening speeds to provide you information on your computer. Imagine the computer is your brain, the cable is the neurons, and the source of the information is a part on your body.

A neuron is composed of a body, called an axon, and dendrites. The axon holds the nucleus that is in control of the cell’s activities. Organelles are located inside the axon as well and there purpose it to perform specific tasks.

Communication between neurons is accomplished using the axons and dendrites. Both extend out from the cell body. The axons send messages from neuron to neuron. The messages are received by the dendrites. Each neuron is connected to thousands of other neurons.

Each of these neuron groups in in charge of a different job. Neuron groups handle learning and thinking, but also send information from the eyes, ears, and other sensory organs. There are even neuron groups that communicate with our muscles in order to get them to move.

There are three basic processes that neurons go through: communication, metabolism, and repair. Millions of neurons are sending signals through the brain at all times, allowing the brain to receive the information, process that information, and send out instructions to your body. The neuron networks are continuously reorganizing and reinforcing themselves to learn.

Without neurons, we would not be able to function. The brain would be unable to get information from our sensory organs, which means it would not be able to process that information and tell our bodies what to do. This would effectively shut down our bodies and we would not be able to do anything at all.

It can be difficult for cognitive science to comprehend how we have 100 billion neurons in our brain, it is important that we understand how neurons work and their great importance to our lives. We are able to do what we do because neurons are communicating with our brain which in turn allows us to do what we do. It is a truly amazing system.