CogniFit's Science blog: More History About Neuroscience

More History About Neuroscience

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system. The science and findings have developed over many years. We’ll discuss some of this history and some of the key findings discovered and reported over the years.

The nervous system encompasses both the brain and the central nervous system which includes the spinal cord and myriad nerve cells and networks.

The study of the nervous system dates all the way back to ancient Egypt. There is even evidence to suggest that the surgical practice of trepanation was successfully performed during Neolithic times. Trepanation is a surgical practice which entails drilling or scraping a hole into the skull with the intent of curing headaches or other mental health problems by relieving cranial pressure on the brain. There are also manuscripts which date back to 1700BC which indicate that ancient Egyptians had knowledge regarding the impact of brain damage.

In ancient times, it was widely believed that the heart, rather than the brain was the seat of intelligence. This belief began to change around the time of Hippocrates. This scientist and medical practitioner suggested that the brain was involved with sensation since it was so close to the eyes, ears, nose and throat. He also suggested that the brain was the seat of intelligence.

Over the middle ages, a number of scientists described a number of medical problems related to the brain. During the 16th century, a number of prominent scientists including Vesalius and Rene Descartes made significant contributions to neuroscience.

The study of neuroscience became much more extensive following the invention of the microscope during the 1800’s. There were also innovative staining techniques which allowed for detailed study of microscopic structures. This lead to the discovery of neurons and helped scientists to discover the electrical nature of signal transmission in brain cells.

As studies evolved, neuroscience determined how different sections of the brain functioned. This has been a significant benefit in treating illness, disease and damage. It has also helped researchers to better understand how techniques can enhance brain function and effectiveness.

More refined analytic techniques have allowed scientists and researchers to better understand many aspects of the function of the brain and nervous system. This has helped many patients to overcome a variety of diseases and problems. This includes both analytical techniques as well as surgical tools and therapeutic tools.

Neuroscience will continue to play a significant and critical role in our understanding of the brain and nervous system in the years to come.