CogniFit's Science blog: Understanding Neuroscience To The Fullest

Understanding Neuroscience To The Fullest

Neuroscience is a field that is constantly growing, evolving and identifying fresh and amazing findings every year. This is essentially the study of the nervous system that advances the overall understanding of human thought, emotion and behavior. Because of the complexity of the field, neuroscientists are brilliant individuals setting the tone for how the brain will be understood.

Neuroscientists conduct a wide range of studies from how the nervous system develops to what goes wrong in neurological disorders. In order to perform such studies they use a plethora of different tools ranging from computers to special dyes to help examine molecules, nerve cells, networks, brain systems and behavior.

Have you ever wondered what the mind really is? What about why people feel emotions at the time they are experienced? Or perhaps what the underlying causes of neurological and psychiatric disorders are? These are all issues within the realm of neuroscience that are continuously being studied and researched.

Neuroscience as a whole consists of studying the brain, spinal cord and all networks of sensory nerve cells throughout the body. Amazingly, the human body consists of roughly 100 billion neurons that function the nervous system. As the neurons communicate with each other, they are sending electrical signals far from each other and release chemicals called neurotransmitters.

The premise behind the work of neuroscientists is summed up in three different ways. First, they set out to describe the human brain and how it typically functions. The next job is to determine exactly how the nervous system develops, matures and maintains itself through life. Finally, neuroscientists are looking to find ways to prevent or cure all of the tragic neurological and psychiatric disorders that have taken over far too many lives today.

What was once overlooked, neuroscience has in recent years jumped into the forefront of researchers’ studies because of the devastating effects it has had on society. It now integrates biology, chemistry and physics while integrating the studies of structure, physiology and behavior. Human emotions and cognitive development are certainly a main focus within the research.

There are different types of neuroscientists that take on varying roles. Developmental neuroscientists study how the brain grows and changes while cognitive neuroscientists study various functions like perception and memory in animals by using behavioral methods. This of course then leads to behavioral neuroscientists who specifically focus on studying the processes that make up human and animal behavior.

Neuroscience research has come a long way and is only advancing by the day. There is tremendous hope and promise for the industry to one day better understand how to treat stroke, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, traumatic brain injury and the many other illnesses that have tragically taken over the lives of millions.