CogniFit's Science blog: Causes Of Memory Problems

Causes Of Memory Problems

Memory is the main component of human cognition. This includes the ability to take information, process it, store it, and retrieve it when needed.

The main processes of memory are encoding, storage and retrieval. Memory problems occur when a person is unable to retrieve this information.

Treatment for memory problems depends on the cause and severity of the condition.

Treating these problems include changing your lifestyle, using a brain training program, taking medication or therapy for more serious conditions.

Lifestyle changes include slowing down, staying on a routine, and labeling items. Use of memory aids such as calendars, lists, and appointment books, can really help you remember.

Using memory systems and brain fitness are very helpful. These teach you techniques to improve your memory.

Our brains need to remember. To do this, the brain sorts through stored information and stores it away. When this information is needed, the brain retrieves it within seconds.

Having memory problems will affect some or all of these processes. Sometimes memory problems develop slowly, while others suddenly occur. There are memory problems that are reversible, while others result in a permanent decline of memory.

As we age, we lose some of our memory. The brain cells begin dying when a person is in their twenties. A person is able to lead a normal life and any resulting memory loss will not be noticeable over time.

There are many types of memory problems that will interfere with a person’s ability to do daily tasks. Amnesia, dementia, and anxiety are a few of these conditions.
Around 30 million people worldwide suffer from some sort of dementia. Most of these people are over the age of 65. About one in five people over the age of 80 have dementia. Many of these people have Alzheimer’s disease.

Memory loss may be caused by many conditions, including:
• Alcoholism and illegal drug use
• Brain injuries and brain tumors
• Depression, anxiety, and stress
• Epilepsy and seizures
• Thyroid problems
• Malnutrition
• Sleep deprivation

If you think that you are having memory problems, consult your doctor. There are some medical conditions and some other factors that can cause memory problems that are able to be corrected.

These problems include depression, hearing or vision loss, thyroid problems, some medications, vitamin deficiencies, and stress.

Please seek treatment to improve your memory problems. You will be glad you did! These problems may be reversible. And don't forget to train your brain regularly!