CogniFit's Science blog: What Does Your Brain Control?

What Does Your Brain Control?

Much knowledge has been gained over recent years into the way in which the brain functions.

We will discuss some of the more common types of brain functions and show how they impact our bodies and minds overall.

The most effective way to do so is to review different parts of the brain and show what functions they control.

Therefore please refer to the following:

The Spinal Cord – This is where most of the information travels to the brain from all areas of the body. It can be referred to as the information superhighway of the body.

The Medulla Oblongata – This part of the brain helps to control the body’s autonomic functions like breathing, heartbeat, and digestion. It can also act as a relay for information being sent to the brain.

The Pons – This part of the brain is associated with a person’s level of arousal or consciousness and sleep. It is also involved in controlling autonomic bodily functions.

The Cerebellum – This deals primarily with movement. It regulates and controls movement, posture, and balance.

The Amygdala – This part of the brain helps to store and classify emotional memories. It plays a big role in formulating our emotions. It can also trigger bodily response to an input like fear.

The Hippocampus – This is involved in memory and learning. The primary role of this portion is involved in processing and storing memories.

The Thalamus – This is the relay station of the brain. It takes most sensory signals and routes them to the parts of the body and brain best suited to deal with it.

The neocortex portion of the brain is the most highly advanced part. Some of the more common features include:

The frontal lobe. This part is primarily responsible for reasoning, problem solving, judgment and impulse control.

The Parietal lobe – This has to do with touch and the body’s ability to process pain. It can also affect cognition such as determining the location and speed of objects.

The temporal lobe – This helps to process sound as well as emotion, memory and speech.

The Occipital lobe – This is most commonly associated with vision and visual processing.

Broca’s Area – The part of the brain most commonly associated with speech, language, and facial recognition.

The Corpus Callosum – This is the neural bridge which connects the two hemispheres of the brain.

These are the main brain functions that help us live our daily lives.