CogniFit's Science blog: Dyslexia - Improving Reading And Writing Through Brain Training

Dyslexia - Improving Reading And Writing Through Brain Training

Dyslexia is a learning disability. It impairs a person’s ability to read and comprehend what they have just read.

It can also cause problems with learning and using proper phonetics and other critical comprehension skills.

There are three types of dyslexia: auditory, visual and intentional.

The most common type of dyslexia manifests itself as reading disabilities although it is actually a receptive language based learning disability, which means you actually have difficulty with putting the words in order and processing them.

Dyslexia is not an intellectual disability. You can start looking for the signs of dyslexia very early on for a child.

In pre-school aged children dyslexia symptoms are usually delays in speech, slow learning of new words and backwards letter writing. Early elementary children will exhibit signs such as difficulty learning the alphabet, trouble with rhyming words and difficulty with similar sounds. Older elementary students exhibit poor spelling, slow or inaccurate reading, or difficulty keeping up with concepts in school.

One common misconception is that people with dyslexia see words or letters backwards or in the wrong order. In fact they see similar but unrelated words on the page such as fell/fall or say/saw.

There are a lot of things you can do to help a child better cope with dyslexia and get where he or she needs to be with reading and comprehension. Things that are shown to focus your mind and sharpen your brain can also help you hone the skills you need to overcompensate for dyslexia.

In addition to activities to keep your mind sharper people with dyslexia can also benefit from better phonics instruction. Phonics activities can change the brain activity in adults with dyslexia and make for significant improvements in reading.

Dyslexia in certain studies has been linked to under activity in areas of the brain that process language and put words in a meaningful order. That means if you can re-train that part of the brain you can seriously decrease the amount of dyslexia symptoms you exhibit.

Improving your brain activity is very much achievable. The brain is like a sponge and the more you put into it the more you get out of it. Doing exercises that improve your cognitive memory and the sharpness and focus of your brain can go a long way in helping with dyslexia.