CogniFit's Science blog: Brain Plasticity - It's Magic!

Brain Plasticity - It's Magic!

The brain is a very responsive and flexible organ. It has the ability to adapt to different stimuli and can effect physical changes based on this stimuli.

This ability to alter its structure and overall functions is called brain plasticity.

We will discuss some of these functions and how they can impact the ability of someone to adapt to changes and learn new things.

Brain plasticity is very much involved in developing new skills and learning new things. When the brain is exposed to new stimuli, it often makes changes to neural pathways. This can include the creation of new pathways or the destruction of existing ones.

And a significant part of brain plasticity involves the ability of the brain to adapt different parts of its structure to take over tasks and functions it previously did not do. This is a significant point since it can play a major role in the ability of the brain to adapt to injury or disease.

For example if the brain becomes damaged and a section of the brain which controls certain kinds of cognitive skills are affected, the brain can sometimes be taught to adapt and have different sections of the brain take over some functions it was previously unable to do.

So if someone suffers from a stroke or other type of brain injury, they may be able to utilize treatments which can help them to teach other parts of their brain to take over functions like walking, talking or cognitive skills.

The ability of the brain to adapt to changes and transform itself through brain plasticity is an amazing function.

And keep in mind that brain plasticity is the key way in which younger children learn and retain information learned. The brain can form new neural pathways and continue to create them in order to reinforce the learned behavior or skill. This also helps to improve memory retention and utilization.

There are several key forms of brain plasticity which should be mentioned. The fist is synaptic plasticity and it has to do with how people learn and retain information or new things.

Neurogenesis is a way in which the brain can sometimes create new brain cells in order to replace those which have died. It can help to retain brain function.

When you are brain training, you are effectively leveraging the plasticity of your brain to train your cognitive skills.

And another form of brain plasticity allows the brain to adapt such that different parts of the brain can take over roles which were previously handled by other sections of the brain. As mentioned earlier, it can be a vital way in which people can relearn things which they lost due to injury or disease.