CogniFit's Science blog: The Symptoms Of Brain Injury

The Symptoms Of Brain Injury

Brain injury or brain trauma can wreak havoc on your brains ability to function at its full capacity. Brain injuries can cause many negative effects such as impaired memory, depression, inattention, emotional outbursts and slow thinking.

Brain injuries are one the leading cause of death for people under 45 years old in the United States. Brain injury can happen a few different ways the most common is from a concussion. Although not all concussions have long term effects on the brain some certainly do. A concussion is usually caused by a hard strike to the head either by a punch or with an object.

Another type of brain injury is from whiplash. Again whiplash doesn’t always have long term brain effects but it can and is a cause for concern. Most activities that have the possibility of causing whiplash such as auto racing or football provide the players with specialized helmets to decrease the chances.

The specific place you get him on the brain can also determine the amount of brain injury you may suffer from. The main causes of hard hits that cause brain injury are automobile accidents. After automobile accidents the next biggest group of brain injury victims comes from work related accidents.

Brain injury can be caused from direct trauma such as hitting something or being hit by something and it can also be caused by indirect trauma which is what we see in things like shaken baby syndrome. Another thing than can cause brain damage is toxicity and lack of oxygen.

The symptoms of a brain injury can be broken down into 6 distinctive parts. They are the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, temporal lobe, brain stem and cerebellum. They symptoms for each type of these brain injuries vary. Here are a few examples:

Frontal Lobe: Paralysis, inability to plan, change in personality and difficulty with problem solving.

Parietal Lobe: Inability to multi task, inability to name objects, inability to focus the eyes and difficulties with eye and hand coordination.

Occipital Lobes: Vision defects, hallucinations, inability to recognize words and difficulty reading and writing.

Temporal Lobe: Difficulty recognizing faces, difficulty understanding spoken words, short term memory loss and interference with long term memory.

Brain Stem: Decreased vital capacity in breathing, trouble swallowing, dizziness and nausea and sleeping difficulties.

Cerebellum: Loss of ability to coordinate movements, loss of ability to walk, tremors and inability to make rapid movements.

Each of these types of brain injuries is serious and if you find you are experiencing any of the symptoms you should seek medical help immediately.