CogniFit's Science blog: Brain Injury – Common Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

Brain Injury – Common Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

Our brains are amazing organs and vital to how we live, think, and act. But it is a very sensitive organ and must be carefully protected.

Our skulls are designed to protect the brain as much as possible. However there may be unfortunate accidents which can cause brain injury. Very simply the brain can become injured when an external force traumatically injures the brain.

Even though the brain is encased in the skull, a blunt force to the skull can transmit this force to the brain and create problems. There is also secondary damage which can occur as a result of blood clotting or swelling of the brain.

If the brain is damaged and swelling occurs, it can create a whole host of problems since the swelling cannot be easily relieved. This is because the brain is encased in the skull which is a rigid structure.

Brain injury is a major cause of death and disability in the world. This is especially true in children and young adults. Injuries can occur as a result of falls, vehicle accidents and certain types of violence.

Many types of protective devices such as sports or bike helmets, seat belts and air bags have been developed to minimize the risk of brain injury. There has also been extensive accident prevention programs developed to educate young people to the risks of injury and how they can best be avoided.

Brain injury can have serious long lasting effects. It can cause a host of physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioral issues. However modern treatments and technology have helped to enable patients to gain full or partial recoveries. This is done through advanced diagnostic techniques to more clearly see and understand the extent of damage within the brain.

There are also a number of therapeutic treatments available. One type of treatment involves relieving pressure in the brain caused by swelling. This is a vital treatment which should be done as soon as possible following an accident.

There are also extensive physical and emotional therapy techniques to help patients to gain back a significant amount of their former cognitive abilities. In some cases it entails teaching the brain how to perform certain tasks again. The brain can be very resilient and able to use perform tasks using other parts of the brain.

These preventative, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques can help provide the best quality of life to people who might otherwise suffer lifelong disability from brain injuries.