CogniFit's Science blog: The Resilience Of The Cognitive Reserve

The Resilience Of The Cognitive Reserve

Along an entire human life, the brain goes through several development phases. It has been widely accepted the Newtonian myth that what goes up, must always come down. Applying the myth to the brain, after a period of cognitive development, the human being's abilities would inevitably decline, to a point that nothing could be done to overcome the losses.

However the same scientific research about the brain that led us to understand the levels of cognition during a life cycle, also gave insights on what circumstances may influence the reduction of the cognitive decline, and ultimately the reduction of the risk of dementia.

The higher the brain activity is in someone’s life cycle (education, work, hobbies), the lower the risk of cognitive aging will be. In other words, our brain ability is rewarded by the effort it takes during the lifetime. In that process, the active brain cells will compensate for the cell loss over the years. The name for this process is cognitive reserve.

So what is the cognitive reserve? This is in fact a concept related to the defense capacities of the brain to fight the neurodegeneration, created by the actual brain activity, the cognitive-rich activities and the novelties our brain is exposed to. The cognitive reserve is created either by natural means (the everyday usage of the brain) but mostly by artificial means (forcing the brain to challenge itself, such as taking new classes, doing things differently, and brain training activities).

So when is it the best time to start creating that cognitive reserve? The only best answer to this question, is to start NOW. Your brain will thank you!